Is Kim Yo-jong the most powerful woman in North Korea?

Fitness



When the South Korean president, Moon Jae-in, known as for an finish to the conflict on the Korea peninsula lately, the preliminary response was a rebuff from North Korea’s vice international minister. This has been the customary response from Pyongyang each time the thought has been raised of turning the 1953 armistice between the two warring Koreas into an precise peace treaty.

So it was one thing of a shock when, the following day, a fairly hotter message emerged from Kim Yo-jong, the sister of North Korea’s supreme chief, Kim Jong-un, who declared the thought “admirable”. She specified a variety of pre-conditions which might have to be met, although:

“What needs to be dropped is the double-dealing attitudes, illogical prejudice, bad habits and hostile stand of justifying their own acts while faulting our just exercise of the right to self-defence.”

This is the type of message one would normally anticipate to come back from Kim Jong-un himself, so it prompted a spherical of debate from the media’s Korea watchers as to how a lot weight the world may give a press release from his youthful sister.

Who is Kim Yo-jong?

The supreme chief’s sister first got here to worldwide consideration in 2018, when she grew to become the first member of North Korea’s Kim dynasty to go to South Korea in an official capability. She was a part of the nation’s delegation to the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, at which the two international locations competed as one workforce. She held a gathering with President Moon and appeared in photograph alternatives alongside US vp Mike Pence and the Japanese prime minister, Shinzo Abe. Footage of her dominated protection in North Korea.



This is a household the place a lot of the potential male contenders for energy have been executed or assassinated – together with Kim Jong-nam, Kim Jong-un’s half brother

Following what was reported as her diplomatic triumph at the Winter Olympics, her profile grew as she met with the Chinese president, Xi Jinping, and was current in any respect three face-to-face conferences between her brother and US President Donald Trump.

Little is thought about Kim Yo-jong’s childhood, although – even her date of delivery is clouded in uncertainty. She is the youngest little one of former supreme chief Kim Jong-il’s relationship with Ko Yong-hui, who was initially from Japan and thus would have been considered being from a decrease caste in Korea’s complicated “songbun” system if Kim Jong-il had not eliminated the official file about her origin. Kim Yo-jong is known to have attended the identical personal faculty together with her elder brother in Bern, Switzerland, after which she attended Kim Il-sung University in Pyongyang, the place she studied laptop science.

By 2009, Kim Jong-il’s ill-health made the succession a matter of pressing debate and it grew to become more and more clear that Kim Jong-un was being groomed to take over the management on his dying. But at Kim Jong-il’s funeral, Kim Yo-jong was photographed alongside senior relations.

Kim Yo-jong attends a welcoming ceremony in Vietnam

(Getty)

She has twice been elevated to the politburo, in 2017 to 2019 and 2020 to 2021. In addition, she can also be a frontrunner of the Propaganda and Agitation Department, in which capability she has boosted the cult of character surrounding her brother in addition to making common statements about North Korean international relations.

She is believed to be married to Choe Song, the youthful son of the Korean Workers’ Party secretary, Choe Ryong Hae, which supplies her one other supply of political energy.

Heir obvious?

How a lot energy does Kim Yo-jong really wield? One incident from June 2020 exhibits the extent to which she will be able to train her will in North Korea. In retaliation for South Korean defectors’ use of balloons to drop propaganda leaflets into the North, she warned that she had ordered the division in cost of inter-Korean affairs to “decisively carry out the next action”, including that: “Before long, a tragic scene of the useless north-south joint liaison office completely collapsed would be seen.”

The following day the constructing was blown up, suggesting that when Kim Yo-jong orders one thing, it occurs.

Little is thought about Kim Yo-jong’s childhood

(AFP/Getty)

Another fascinating episode can forged some mild over energy relations between herself and her brother. In March 2020, Kim Yo-jong issued her first official assertion, lashing out at South Korea’s presidential workplace, the so-called Blue House, which had known as on the North to halt its stay hearth workout routines. She referred to the management as “a mere child” and “a burnt child dreading fire”.

Two days later Kim Jong-un despatched a message of condolence over the outbreak of Covid-19 in the South. This “underlined his unwavering friendship and trust toward President Moon and said that he will continue to quietly send his best wishes for President Moon to overcome”. The message had Korea watchers confused as as to whether the siblings had been at loggerheads over North-South relations or whether or not this was a show of “good cop-bad cop” diplomacy.

This is a household the place a lot of the potential male contenders for energy have been executed or assassinated – together with Kim Jong-nam, Kim Jong-un’s half brother who was murdered with the nerve agent VX at Kuala Lumpur airport in 2017; and his uncle, Jang Song-thaek, who was reportedly executed by firing squad in 2013 after being accused of being a counter-revolutionary. So the standing of Kim Yo-jong’s relationship together with her brother is as scrutinised as Kim Jong-un’s bodily well being relating to if – and when – she could be in a place to problem for final energy in North Korea.

In North Korea, it appears that evidently to realize the management it’s essential to seize the grip of the trinity energy of the army, celebration and other people. Both Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un grew to become main figures of the National Defence Commission (NDC) – the army – in addition to the celebration by means of the Korean Workers’ Party (KWP). They had each developed their cult of character, giving them entry to the individuals.

Kim Yo-jong might have achieved identify recognition in her capability as a spokesperson on international relations and has entry to energy in the KWP. But she has not but been appointed to a place at the NDC. If that occurs any time quickly, it could be an indication that North Korea is getting ready for its first woman chief.

Sojin Lim is a senior lecturer in Korean research, North Korean research MA & Asia Pacific research MA programs chief, deputy director of the International Institute of Korean Studies at the University of Central Lancashire. This article first appeared on The Conversation

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